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How 5G Technology Simplifies Live Remote Productions & Broadcast [SMPTE Webinar Recording]

Published on Jan 29, 2024 | Past Events, Podcast, Featured, Jim Jachetta, Webinars


  • Learn how broadcasters and production companies adapted to the changing workflows during the pandemic.
  • Learn how to save costs using 5G cellular and Public Internet connectivity.
  • Produce a live show with multiple untethered handheld cameras using the latest AT-HOME PRODUCTION and REMI Technology.
  • Learn the techniques to maintain frame-accurate genlock and audio lip-sync across dozens of camera sources.

Haivision Mobile Bonded Cellular Encoders

Haivision StreamHub Advanced Receiver and Distribution Server & Cloud Platform


Jim Jachetta, CTO & Co-founder at VidOvation

Jim Jachetta
CTO & Co-founder
VidOvation – Moving Video Forward

With over 25 years of experience in designing, integrating, and delivering video transmission and distribution systems, Jim drives VidOvation to create solutions using world-class technology to make the “impossible” and “never been done before” a viable, everyday solution aligned with your business goals. Your goals are achieved using modern technology, creatively implemented to meet your business needs, easy to support, and delivered at a price point that fits your budget.

SMPTE New England Webinar and Meeting Recording


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Marty Feldman
Good evening, everyone. I’m Marty Feldman, section chair of the New England section, and I welcome you to our January, yes, it’s still January, it’s January 31st meeting. And we are thrilled to have with us someone that we’ve had before.

It was about four years ago over at WGBH, and that’s Jim Jachetta And Jim is CTO and co-founder of a company called VidOvation. And they make products that are designed for use on cellular networks.

They were very much involved in the TV show on A&E for years called Cops, where they had many, many, many live feeds coming in via cellular and could go from one event to another. I understand that program is now online somewhere. I don’t know exactly where, but it’s still using that type of technology.

And of late, they’ve been more involved with things like PGA Golf broadcasts and bass fishing. Believe it or not, people want to watch people fish. And many other corporate applications and other TV applications.

And it’s growing to grow. It’s going to grow quite a bit with the advent of more and more 5G, which is only going to enhance the benefits of the technology. So we thought it was time to, with 5G coming on in many areas, to talk about one of the benefits of this and what it can do for broadcasters, say, in the area of ENG news and so on.

So I’m thrilled to turn it over to Jim, and he’s going to take it away. It’s all yours, Jim.

Jim Jachetta
Thanks, Marty. Thanks so much. Thanks for having me off camera.

And when Marty invited me to speak, I remember at the amazing pizza you guys had at the, they were like 12 boxes of pizza. And I got to say, it was probably like top three, top five best pizza of all time. And I’m from New York, so I claim to know good pizza, but I didn’t know Beantown could make a good pizza.

Marty Feldman
We can indeed. We can indeed. But you really should come back when we have our New England clam chowder.

Jim Jachetta
Chowder, yes. I was born in Manhattan, and I have no use for Manhattan clam chowder. If it ain’t white and creamy, it ain’t chowder.

Very good. Well, thanks. Thank you, Marty.

Thank you, SMPTE New England. Thank you for letting me have a chance to speak. So as Marty graciously introduced, we’re going to talk about 5G technology.

We’re going to talk about how it simplifies our live remote productions and broadcasts. We’re going to talk about private 5G, what that means, what that entails, and how it’s already starting to benefit us in the broadcast media and news spaces. So one of the things that VidOvation has been doing for seven, eight, nine years, let me back up a little bit.

So VidOvation, we do make a few products. We have some wireless products that are made by VidOvation, but primarily we’re a systems integrator. We’re design consultants.

We’re resellers, value-added resellers. So when we talk about bonded cellular, there’s certain go-to brands that we work with. But what I’m going to talk about tonight could apply to any bonded cellular.

I know with SMPTE, we’ve got to keep this vendor agnostic, right? So what are some of the benefits, or I think one of the big accelerators for what we call at-home production or Remy production, Remy is remote integration. I think a better description is at-home production.

We minimize the number of people we have to have on site and we can do events more quickly. We can deploy more quickly and we save money. So the PGA and others have been using the technology long before the COVID lockdown.

But when we had travel restrictions, the first slide here, we couldn’t have people in the field. And then many people didn’t want to get on a plane. One of the big challenges too is like, so in business, we call it like a knowledge worker.

So in sports, I’ll use that as an example, an EVS operator, the instant replay operators, that’s a very valuable or hard to find skill. There’s a limited number of qualified operators. So the old school approach, a replay operator could do one or two events a week.

Maybe he could squeeze out Monday night football and then the following Sunday, or maybe Monday and Thursday night football, one or two events because they have to fly to the event. You got to pay for hotel, travel per diem for meals, et cetera. Now with us during COVID, at home production was doing the show at your home, at your home studio.

Now I like to do air quotes, home, home. That operator is actually working from his house now, is where he lives. So now a replay operator that could do one or two games a week can do one or two games a day, depending upon the time zone.

If he or she is on the West Coast, they could do an afternoon ball game and then do the nighttime ball game on the West Coast all in the same day where physically that was not possible. This slide, I apologize if someone’s truck is in this slide, Game Creek or NEP. It’s just to make a point.

The truck has not gone away, but for some production, the truck has gotten smaller. So some of our customers will have a smaller truck on site for shading. They want to shade the cameras on site, and then they backhaul or at home transport it back to their studio.

Or the truck is in a different location. So take the PGA, for example. They’re using a lot of at home production technology provided by VidOvation.

They’re building a new facility. It’s almost done. PGA actually has contracted NEP to build nine more trucks.

So the truck’s not going away. In the interim, while their building is being built, they’re using the trucks in their parking lot as makeshift control rooms. So they had too many feeds coming in and not enough control room or master control capacity.

So a truck in the parking lot is helping that. So at SVG, a sports video group in December, Mike Davies from Fox Sports, Game Creek, NEP were on the stage as well, as well as others. The handwriting’s on the wall.

The trucks are going to be here for a while, are not going to completely go away. Or they’re just moved to a point of the process. So today, I think a great use case of bonded cellular technology for at home production is work that we’ve done with the PGA.

And we’re not doing the masters. The masters, the high level golf production is still done in, for lack of a better term, the old school approach or the tried and true approach. VidOvation, we’re doing Corn Ferry.

We’re doing the Amex tournaments, the Q School tournaments. So what is that? If you’re a golf person, you know that’s like the minor leagues of golf.

So when you do well in Corn Ferry, if you win Corn Ferry, you earn a right to now next season or next masters tournament to level up. So a lot of the content is going on NBC Sports or the Golf Channel. And with all the streaming platforms, everyone is craving more and more content.

So VidOvation was instrumental. We had the lockdown in March of 2020. And VidOvation and our partner, Haivision, we helped the PGA facilitate bringing back the first live sporting event.

Now, it wasn’t an official tournament. It was a charity event. But they got four golfers.

The local health authority said we’ll allow 50 people on the golf course at one time. And then a very cool thing was they did it at the Seminole Golf Club. And that’s a private club.

One of the players’ dads is a member. The public has never been allowed into this club. So there’s no fiber optic circuit.

There’s no CenturyLink or Level 3 or whomever you would want. The traditional players, the switch, don’t have a connection in this facility. They just had a consumer or business-level internet connection.

That was not enough to run a whole show. And there was no budget for a satellite truck. And the PGA had already been using bonded cellular provided by VidOvation.

And it worked out really well. So I’ll go into it. So 50 players on site, 40 golfers, 28 people from the television crew.

Believe it or not, with just four players, 18 officials are needed, almost as many as the production team. And in this particular application, it was a pretty close… St. Augustine is where PGA HQ is. That’s what they call P-Gate. Now, this is a couple of hundred miles away. We do events where it’s 10,000 miles away.

It doesn’t matter. We can go around the corner or we can go around the globe. And the technology uses cellular for the first mile.

But then once the cellular carrier dumps the packets onto the public internet, most of the transport is happening through the open internet. One commentator didn’t feel safe enough to travel on site to do color of the game of the tournament locally. He did it from his living room.

He had a camera in his living room. We were able to send him a feed of the tournament and he did color commentation. That was thousands of miles away.

And cellular, as we know, every six months, Moore’s Law, right? Every six months, things get faster, cheaper, less expensive. But right now, the state of the art is 300 to 500 milliseconds latency for cellular.

But the network has to be able to tolerate that. Typical rule of thumb is around the second or eight tenths of a second is typical. So the talent, if you’re not on site, you say, hey, Mike, what’d you think of that last putt?

1, 1,000. Yeah, that was great. So you don’t step on each other’s toes.

And most anchors, most talent are used to satellite, right? So that’s a few seconds delay. So they set up two cameras in the tee box.

They had two roaming cameras on the fairway and then two cameras on the green. Now, they only had four players, so they went out as a foursome. They played on the same, you know, they teed off together.

So, you know, when they were done teeing off on hole number one, the tee crew would go set up on hole number two. You know, you can do that or the PGA may not. They may set up on a certain hole and then as players come through, they get airtime that way.

It depends. I mean, on bigger events, we might have as many as 40 cameras on the course all over, all running over cellular. So then there was a couple of units grabbing beauty shots.

So this tournament, the club was near the ocean, so they had a shot of the ocean and the sand dunes. Then they had another beauty shot of the clubhouse. That was all worked into the production.

Then they had a bunch of operators running around with boom mics, shotgun mics, parabolic mics. So you can see, oh, and then there was microphones on the players and then the receiver, the microphone receiver would be on the camera and that would be fed into an external channel. So what Marty was asking me earlier today while we were rehearsing, you know, what are some of the differentiators or what do you need to look for when you’re specifying this technology?

So two things we learned doing this event. One, you need an audio channel for the top trace, you know, that red line that follows the ball so you can see the ball. It’s actually, there’s a couple of different providers for PGA.

Top trace is one of them, but it actually uses radar. The radar tracks the ball as it leaves the tee and that’s how they’re able to track it. And it actually feeds telemetry to a graphical overlay back at master control through an audio channel, believe it or not.

So the bonded cellular we provide has two analog external audio inputs. I mean, obviously you could feed it into the camera. If the camera had ancillary audio inputs, you could get it embedded in the SDI stream that way.

PGA, I think, was using smaller cameras that don’t have, you know, usually audio one and two are built into a little shotgun mic in the camera left and right. And then if it’s a bigger camera, there’ll be audio three and four if you want to put a bigger mic on your camera rig. So the audio input came in real handy for the ball tracking, the top trace, but also for the microphones on the talent.

How do we get that back to master control? So the receiver is on the bonded cellular rig and the live PD show that we did, what happens if player one is connected to camera one and they change battery? We actually have two receivers diversity.

So player number one, there’s a receiver a and a receiver B on two different rigs. So if one goes away, they got a backup. So get pretty clever with it, with the handling of the audio.

Now, uh, uh, Marty, or I don’t know if you guys can guess, I just want to fill the whole slide up. So another video feed from an overhead plane. So two, four, six, eight, 10, 12, 14, say just this simple six camera shoot, eight camera shoot.

We got easily 20 microphones open at the same time. And if we’re not in perfect gen lock, those, those 16 cameras and those 20 or 25 audio feeds, what’s going to happen? You’re in a, this is live.

We can’t fix lip sync problems in post-production. It’s going to be a mess. And that’s a big differentiator in the solution that we provide.

Other bonded cellular that’s out there is pretty good at keeping things in sync. But what the tech that that innovation provides has got it dialed in. And that’s the main reason why, or one of the main reasons why the PGA has standardized on, on, on our solution.

So there there’s, there’s two flavors of the product. The, the, the bigger unit mounts on the camera. It’s called the pro, uh, um, these guys were the pioneers in putting the unit between the camera and the battery V lock or Anton Bauer.

Now they didn’t invent that concept. I mean, they took a from the microwave transmitters, right? That’s very common, a microwave transmitter between the battery and the camera.

Uh, but these guys brought that to the, to bonded cellular. So that’s another thing PGA likes they got, you know, they can get on site. The camera can be in a portabrace bag, pull it out.

Uh, the comms are connected. The video’s connected. Even the batteries on there, just got to pop the power on.

Boom. You’re transmitting automatically. Then the, the, the operators that are not using video, you know, who would that be like the parabolic mic operator got a smaller unit, the bigger units have six or eight modems, smaller unit has two modems in it.

So, uh, you, you could see a boom operator, uh, following the talent with the smaller unit on a, on his belt. Um, and you know, for audio only the two modems is more than enough. This kind of gives you a slide of the, of the different models.

The 5g models only have six modems. Why six instead of eight? Well, the 5g modems are bigger.

They just don’t fit in the chassis. So, so the 4g LTE, you can get eight modems, uh, 5g models have to have six modems in the pro, the little guy, you can have two modems either way, pro, uh, 5g or 4g. Uh, so what, what’s happening?

I mean, a lot of you guys are probably familiar with what bonded cellular is, what it, what it means, what it does. Uh, uh, one of the protocols, you know, every vendor has their, their unique protocol and has a name for it. Uh, SST is safe streams transport.

Uh, um, uh, the, this technology also does a really nice SRT integration, which is nice, but you can see these lines, uh, uh, you know, bringing video through, um, through the public internet, through the cellular, we’re bringing that top trace signal. I mentioned, we’re also doing camera control. We can shade cameras through the link.

I have slides on that, which I’ll get to. So here’s a, here’s a nice picture. Uh, you can see the unit mounts between the camera and, and the, uh, uh, uh, uh, battery picture below it here.

Let me see. Can I turn my pointer on? Yes, I can.

So if you don’t, if you have a smaller camera, see this, this camera doesn’t have Anton Bauer VLOC. So you can put it in a backpack if you prefer. Uh, and then the, the, the air, uh, operator, see there’s like a sling.

You can either put it over your shoulder or clip it onto your belt, or there’s a quarter 20 Mount on the bottom. You can actually put it on an accessory shoe, uh, of your camera and operate that way. So, you know, as I mentioned, one of the first, uh, to Mount on the camera, VLOC, Anton Bauer, uh, uh, one of the pioneers in that you can see here, this, this set up here, this was like election night.

Um, the, the camera operator is hearing intercom. Uh, this is a crew from like Sweden. So this is election night.

I think, uh, this was back in 2020, this picture election night, 4,000 miles away. He’s getting cues from his director in the studio, back in Stockholm. And, and, uh, uh, she’s got a wireless IFB.

So it’s a party line. I mean, so she’s hearing camera instructions, uh, they’re sharing comms, uh, um, and, and, uh, we can even send program video back. You could, they could, we could even have a teleprompter for the talent, 10,000, 3,000 miles away.

So this is a closed loop and, and they’re getting, you know, with less than one second latency, they’re interviewing people. Uh, this was in time square on election night. Uh, uh, this is a shows like the adapter cables to bring the analog audio in and out the, the big boy, the flagship, the pro and the small unit, uh, both have the analog audio inputs, which I learned is, is very important.

Uh, uh, it’s, I should mention it’s, it’s a line level inputs. Um, so here’s some specs on, on, on the performance specs for the, for the PGA event. I won’t read the chart to you and you see here, CBR 500 millisecond latency variable bit rate.

This slide is a, is a good, uh, three or four years old. Uh, so this is like 300 or 250 or 300 milliseconds now in about 500 milliseconds for variable bit rate. So, so every generation, every firmware update, that latency is getting lower and lower and lower, uh, getting closer, you know, ideal, right?

We all want zero latency, right? That’s the ideal. So, uh, here’s another event we did with Turner sports.

We did the rider cup golf again, um, a little bit different application. This was using internet only no cellular. Uh, I would have liked them to use cellular as a backup.

They, they rented a single, uh, circuit from century link, uh, for the event. They ran, um, um, 20 cameras from the event back to, uh, Atlanta. And then, um, eight cameras is return.

You know, they send program teleprompter returns coming the other way, all through the public internet. And they, they use the rack mount model of the product. And so the product will work.

The technology works great. Just over public internet. You don’t have to have cellular, or if you have cellular as backup, you can bond the two together.

And the cool thing is like, so if you’re, you’re, you’re a Metro link or your land connection, if it’s cheaper, uh, or you’re not paying per megabyte, we can set that as a higher priority and the cellular, because as we all know, cellular data, you pay by the minute you pay by the hour, it costs money. Uh, you can set the cellular as a low priority. And then if, if your primary connection suddenly drops or hiccups, the cellular is there ready to take over the feed.

And in, in this, uh, uh, uh, production, they chose to shade on site. So there was a, there was a single truck on site. They ran the cam, they hardwired the cameras to the truck or use microwave to the truck, and then, uh, shaded the cameras and then sent ISO cameras back, uh, uh, to Atlanta to produce the show.

Uh, this is the, the live PD show that, that Marty mentioned in his opening. So we were pretty, uh, uh, uh, live, uh, live PD was a lot like the show cops on Fox. Well, actually, uh, they brought, uh, cops back, right.

Um, um, longest running cop show production company kind of took the show cops and copied it and just added the wrinkle. Let’s do it live, you know, so for the excitement, uh, everyone, you know, if it bleeds, it leads, right. You know, the old kind of ghoulish, uh, news adage, you know, um, um, so, so they, they run the, the, the producers of the show, uh, big fish entertainment, uh, half moon productions were smart enough to realize what is a live reality TV show.

A lot like it’s a lot like sports. So they Harry, they, they hired a bunch of ex NBC, CBS sports, the director, the producer, the technical consultant, uh, a lot of the people came from, uh, the sports industry and, and they dumped, they dumped the live video into an instant replay device. Uh, I mentioned the name before, I probably shouldn’t have mentioned a vendor names, but, uh, you know, one of the, one of the, the premier replay providers for sports.

So what do they do with the show? I, I would tell him Marty, you know, innovation, me personally, and innovation, our team, we have a lot to offer our clients, but it’s a two way street. We learn new things from our clients, right?

We, uh, hopefully you guys will learn something from me today, get something of value out of this. So I learned something. The FCC allows you to call a show live with up to a 29 minute delay.

If it’s a 30 minute delay, you can’t call the show live. So the ISO I, so I’ve been on set a couple of times for live PD. And why are you guys starting the live production at eight 30?

The show starts at nine. Oh, we got to fill the buffer that 29 minute buffer. So they start start, you know, they, they go live in the studio.

So it’s like live to tape, but instead of tape, it’s to the replay. So it’s live to instant replay. So they start filling the pipeline.

And when the show premiered, they’re like, Oh my goodness. What if it’s a slow night? You know, I guess, um, the perfect storm would be a full moon, a power outage in a city, you know, then there’s guaranteed looting and mayhem, but you know, some nights it’s a slow night, you know, less crime in the winter than there is in the summer, you know, those kinds of factors.

So they had a lot of B roll ready in case there was dead air and they, the crews actually deploy with the officers all week to get some of that B roll. So if they’re like, you know, so they’ll be like, okay, officer Johnson is driving to the scene of shots fired. You know, we’re going to watch the guy driving for five minutes.

They cut off. So, so the crew was with officer Johnson earlier this week and you know, you see him getting a cat out of a tree, you know, all those feel good kind of helping an old lady cross the street and then, okay, back to the action. There’s shots fired.

Ah, yeah. So they’ll cut back to, to, to, to the, to the action. But so they fill this 29 minute pipe with, with content because the PDs have last right of refusal for a segment to air.

So what does that mean? So for example, officer Johnson doesn’t read the Miranda rights properly. Oh, you can’t hear that.

The Tulsa PD is going to look stupid. You got to cut it or you got to cut the whole segment. So eight minutes of the show is gone now.

So 29 minutes now is 21 minutes. So I learned another thing. So there’s live and then live, live when that 29 minute buffer has been eaten up because of people cutting out segments.

Another thing would be an informant is in the shot. And early on in the show, they didn’t want to blur faces. I mean, there is technology where in that 29 minutes we could go in very, they can go in very quickly and blur faces, but then they felt, ah, the fans won’t believe that it’s live if we tweak the picture.

So, so they would leave faces. Oh, that’s an informant. He can’t be on air.

His life would be in danger if he went on air, got an eight minute juicy bust gone. So live, live means there’s no buffer. We are live.

We got to cut to something or have B roll ready. But then, oh, we’re live, live to the next commercial break, hit a commercial break. You gain two minutes back.

Right. Cause you’re not, you’re, you’re, you’re pausing. So while you’re on commercial break, you’re putting more stuff into the can or, or more, more stuff on, you know, tape, or, or in the replay.

So it’s quite a, an interesting workflow. Oh, why? Oh boy.

My PowerPoint is not happy. She’s crashing. Hold on.

Oh, okay. Thank goodness. So here, top left, what are we looking?

Can you see me? Can you see it? Yeah.

I think so. Okay, great. Yeah.

Yeah. It’s there. Yeah.

It froze for a second. So top left corner. I’ve seen this in, in like NBA, the basketball where feeds come in and they have interns or young, young, you know, people that know the sport really well, putting in metadata, you know, Shaquille smashes the backboard, you know, LeBron did this and there’s codes to put metadata in the feed.

So these four people are monitoring four different cities or four different police cars and they’re trained, you know, put the word G you know, alt G gun, uh, all D uh, drugs, uh, you know, uh, um, you know, certain codes like that. So that’s the initial pass. Then a line producer is looking, you know, we got, you know, shots fired would be another, another, uh, metadata.

And so a line producer is looking at all that metadata, adding additional notes, and then they go, okay, I’m going to prepare a package for Tulsa shots fired at, you know, eight Oh three timestamp. Um, I’m going to put it together a package from eight Oh three timestamp to eight 15, uh, timestamp, um, uh, ready package roll playback. Now, what does that mean?

They do the playback from the replay recording. Like it’s live. It suddenly appears, uh, as, uh, the four or eight cameras, uh, to the TD and director and the T the director goes, okay, ready, uh, ready.

Take camera one. Okay. Ready?

Camera two, take two. So he’s calling his shots while it’s playing back from tape. I mean, I say tape because it’s, uh, from the recording, he’s calling the shots like it’s live.

Uh, and then the, you know, the, the, the producer, the line producer can be in his ear. Hey, at eight Oh three, be, be, be sure camera three has got the gun, you know, be ready for that. So, so they, they, they, they, they have the, uh, hindsight, you know, so to, to, to not, not miss a shot.

Uh, uh, they know what’s coming, uh, you know, what, what’s juicy. So, so that’s how they do it. They, they put it together in a package and play it back on the multi-viewer on the switcher.

So, so they cut the show like it’s live. So it’s, it’s pretty cool. Um, again, this is kind of showing the technology that that’s being used.

I don’t need to repeat that. Uh, here’s some of the functionality, some of the features, you know, you can go live. Oh, I’ll tell you another story.

I love stories. Um, live PD, it was literally a 45 minute chase. Uh, uh, I think this was like Tulsa PD chasing an enormous box truck, 80 miles an hour on the freeway, the box truck.

Uh, I think they blew the truck’s tires out with, um, the razor strip thing, you know, and it ended up in a cornfield middle of nowhere. The cellular wasn’t great in this cornfield, but we were able to be live. The, the, the, the unit, the technology prioritizes audio.

So the audio was pretty good. So the priorities are like control, you know, the thing, if the control channel doesn’t work, the thing falls apart. So control then audio, then video.

So the, the video was a little blocky, you know, the, the resolution, uh, what the technology does, it compresses, but it also scales. So a crude form of compression is to go from HD to web grade video. Then we uncompressed it and scale it back up.

It looks soft as hell, but, uh, it’s still a picture. So it was a little soft, a little blocky. We had the audio.

I happened to be in the control room and one of the producers, like, oh man, that’s the million dollar shot of tonight’s episode. I wish we had a better quality, uh, uh, you know, a version of that to air. And I go to the technical consultant, you’re recording in our units, right?

Oh yeah. You record. So you see the record function.

So during the commercial break, I showed the, the, the, uh, video engineer how to go into the unit and pull a video clip. So the cellular wasn’t great. So it took a while to bring the file through, but we just took a clip.

So we didn’t need, we didn’t need the whole file. Just took the clip we wanted and you know, half hour later, bottom, you know, you know, we can come back from commercial, they go to a different city. So, uh, come back, go back to commercial, come back again.

Dan Abrams was like, Hey, you know, we were able to retrieve, uh, out of the camera, a better copy of that bust in Tulsa. Uh, we’re going to air it now. And, you know, if they’re being honest, they remove the live bug, you know, recorded earlier.

Uh, uh, uh, so, so there’s ways to get around when, uh, when, uh, the cellular is not up to snuff or, or, uh, I’ll get into, you know, private 5g, how that helps us with the, with these, these types of problems. So there’s, there’s different workflows. So I mentioned, um, uh, Turner chose to shade cameras, uh, onsite with a truck and then ISO those cameras back.

So that would be the, the workflow on the left, um, or, or a PGA shades, the cameras remotely, and then the ISO cameras are sent back. Other customers will have like a smaller truck, uh, switch to show kind of more traditional workflow, but then they don’t have the budget for a fiber or a century link or the switch for, for, for a telco connection. So they’ll use bonded cellular and the public internet to get the, the switch show back to master control, you know, and then there’s hybrids, you know, of the above.

So, so there’s, there’s many, many different ways, uh, to do it and, and, uh, remote control of the camera. Um, I mentioned, uh, uh, return, uh, video. So why, why is a return video so important?

So not all vendors do full motion video on the return. Many of them it’s reduced frame rate, uh, and, or reduced resolution, you know, so it’s not full HD, uh, or it’s limited to 720p, you know, uh, 15 frames a second, five frames a second. Uh, uh, the solutions we provide it’s full frame rate.

And why is that important? Uh, we do a lot of with, uh, college sports and normally normal workflow when, uh, uh, you’re doing collegiate level, particularly the replay, the fancy comes from the truck. So the replay that’s going on the air is the same as the replay in the venue.

Um, if it’s a bigger venue or professional sports, um, there’s usually several cameras at every camera’s position side by side. So the broadcaster or the rights holder, I’ll use hockey as an example. Sometimes there’s three cameras in every position.

Why three, one for the Canadian feed one for the U S feed and one for the house feed. Uh, you’d be like, well, Canadians speak English. Why don’t they just use the U S feed?

No different rights holder. So there’ll be a Canadian truck. There’ll be a contracted truck in the, in the truck bay for the Canadian feed one for the U S feed and then the house feed.

So replay in house is done on the in-house production crews, not done by the truck, but for college or smaller productions, replays coming from the production truck. Now we’ve eliminated the truck we’re producing at, at, back at master control. We need full frame rate, full high res to put up on the big screen.

So if we reduce, reduce the resolution, reduce the frame rate, and we’re showing game replay, you know, that’s only 15 frames, you know, frames or five frames a second. It’s going to look, the motion’s going to look God awful resolution’s going to look God all. So that has played a big factor, you know, having full resolution return.

So the, the, the technology provides a, uh, for lack of a better term, essentially a VPN between the unit in the field and the studio. So the, it, it, it extends the subnet of the studio out into the field. So you can even see here, um, you can have, uh, devices, or we can bridge between, uh, these assets are on one subnet.

We can bridge in this, in the bonded cellular receiver, the two subnets together, we can do an IP route. So why is that important camera control? Now, one thing I’ve learned is, and some of you may be familiar with this, uh, camera control, doesn’t always like latency, um, camera control.

If it’s going over IP is meant for in studio, you know, single digit milliseconds of latency. Now we’re going out 10,000 miles, 3000 miles. The, the data bridge, as we call it, or the VPN connection has about a hundred, 150 millisecond latency.

Some camera control systems go berserk with that much latency. The camera thinks it’s disconnected from the CCU and the shutter opens, closes the iris goes, berserk goes crazy. So we’ve partnered with, uh, well, I won’t, you can see a name here.

I won’t say the name, but there’s, there’s competition there. There’s several vendors that, uh, help facilitate camera control over an unmanaged connection, that being cellular or public internet. And what it does is the little box on the camera side mimics the RCP.

It fools the camera into thinking the CCU or RCP is there the whole time and, uh, keeps it happy. And then the RCP and the little box on the camera, they communicate and relay. Okay.

Someone adjusted the green or the red balance. Somebody, uh, opened or closed the, the iris, somebody adjusted the black head, et cetera, et cetera. So it’s smooths out, uh, the ability.

Now there’s tech technology that, that will, will simply convert from a serial protocol. So like older Sony cameras, right? They use that, uh, proprietary serial connector.

So we provide the, the, the Sony serial cable adapter to come into a box like this and then convert from serial to IP. So, uh, uh, we’re able to virtually control 99% of the cameras that are out there. Uh, but here’s another example of the workflow.

So two different types of cameras, like, uh, the camera on the top can tolerate the latency. So we don’t need this little blue box to fix the latency problem. So this PTZ camera just home runs through, it gets controlled.

Uh, the Sony camera, we need to do two things. Doesn’t like the latency, but we also like need to convert from serial to IP. Uh, so this box is doing both things.

It’s smoothing out the latency problem and converting from serial, uh, or the Sony proprietary serial to IP. So this has been instrumental in the PGA uses this technology with, with, with every tournament. Uh, so, you know, this slide just kind of shows you that, uh, you know, bonded cellular, we only, we owe cellular, cellular, cellular.

It will bond satellite, cellular, uh, any land connection, any IP connection you give it. Um, it’s not uncommon that, um, uh, customers at an event, someone hands them a cable. I think there’s internet on this cable, plug it into land one on the unit.

We have HDCP turned on. If it gets an IP, it’ll try to use it. Now, if the connection it gets is God awful.

Uh, and by God awful, no, actually it’s kind of contrarian. Everyone thinks it’s megabits or gigabits per second. That’s the most important actually latency is number one.

If a circuit has latency out the wazoo, uh, we can’t use it or it’s the lowest common denominator. If other connections have better latency, we won’t use the high latency one until it, uh, you know, cellular will do that. It’ll spike up, there’ll be a bottleneck and then correct itself.

So that’s why having diversity of multiple cellular modems. Um, so, you know, we play nice with, with, with any kind of, uh, uh, technology that I kind of alluded to this earlier. So say your, your, your satellite feed is your primary, you set, there’s a setting in the unit, set it to high priority and then cellular is a backup.

Uh, we set that to low now. So customers will be like, well, to save cellular data, I want to turn the modems off. Yes, that is the way to make your cellular bills zero.

But I’ll tell you why I don’t like that. You’re not going to be paying attention or you’re not going to be quick enough when the cellular or the primary connection dumps, and then the unit won’t be ready. And then you need a human being to turn the modem back on.

You set it to low priority. It trickles some of the data. It keeps that circuit open.

It keeps that connection open and it will only dump to it if it knows it’s good. If that is also having a problem, it will find a connection that is okay. So you want to have all, you know, your, even your backup connections kind of on low priority or warm standby.

Uh, uh, so, so we can cut, you know, one experiment we do when we’re doing demos, we’ll put 20 megabits per second high priority on a land connection. And then all the modems are on low priority cellular. And then we pull the cable out and a few packets at the transport layer may get dropped with that sudden shock to the system.

But the transport is pristine. You know, the ARQ, the forward air correction recovers the video and audio without. So, I mean, that’s what we care about.

I mean, when you’re watching a transmission, you might see momentary packet loss. It’ll show you packets lost in the overall transmission. And then there’s the video.

There’s a number next to video and audio. And that’s where we really want it to be zero. So, uh, uh, it’s just a testament to the technology, uh, return video, uh, each transmitter in the field can have one return video.

If I have eight cameras in the field, theoretically, I could have eight returns. I could have eight different returns routed to different units or, uh, return program one routed to these four cameras. A common thing is teleprompter teleprompter, these other four cameras.

So, so the talent could actually be watching a program on one small monitor in the field, look, waiting for their cue while the teleprompter is rolling. Uh, so, so that, that’s kind of pretty, pretty cool, uh, uh, use case. Uh, let me see.

Yeah, you, you can, uh, a common thing is, um, line producer wants to send a script, uh, or check his email, his or her email, or, you know, communicate, uh, or email the, uh, master control. You can piggyback off the unit, use the unit as a wifi, uh, access point to, to, to get, uh, computer connectivity. Uh, this slide’s a little outdated, but, uh, the, the bonded cellular ecosystem we use literally supports, uh, every protocol, uh, SST is the safe streams transport.

Other vendors have their name for their bonded cellular transport. All right. So let me, I’ll, I’ll repeat what I said on this slide.

So you, you know, this slide really shows you interop. You know, we can basically, we can interrupt with, with any platform. We can send a feed to any master control, as long as they have a, an SRT or one of these, uh, uh, protocols and SRT IRD or decoder, uh, we can come in and out of the cloud via SRT, uh, whether that’s, uh, you know, grass Valley amp or whatever cloud tools, V mix you might be using.

So you can see here, we’re showing, you can come in to the ecosystem and out, uh, using, uh, you know, SST is the, uh, uh, safe streams transport. That’s, you know, every vendor has their name for their flavor bonded cellular. So SST, uh, it’s now owned by the same company.

So SRT and SST kind of go together. Uh, SRT is, uh, um, um, geez, what does that SRT stand for? Safe, reliable transport, something like that.

Um, so the SRT, you know, de facto standard SRT is a common interop, but we support TS over IP RTSP or TMP HLS. Uh, then, um, um, so the, the receiver, the bonded cellular perceiver is also, uh, I think, uh, it’s, it’s your streaming hub because it takes streams in and trans codes and send streams out. So sometimes customers even use this for non bounded cellular needs.

I need to convert a bunch of HLS video streams to NDI or vice versa. Missing from this slide is NDI SMPTE 2110. Uh, so, so here you can see the, the bonded cellular receiver obviously decodes, you know, it’s, it’s a receiver, uh, it records, but it also does transcoding.

So you see there in the middle, uh, HEVC, uh, transcoding to H dot two 64. Uh, not everyone has this built into their box. Uh, you need external boxes.

So why is that important? Or they don’t have the transcoding capability. So we have to sacrifice, we have to lowest common denominator.

We have to do two 64 from the transmitter since upstream, we don’t support HEVC. So I’ll give you, I’ll give you some examples. This is what I was, uh, speaking about when I was cut off.

Um, actually, let me, let me move your cameras over here so I can see you guys waving to me. Um, and thank you for, for, for the visual. Hello.

Uh, so we want to use HEVC because it’s more efficient, right? So if we’re using cellular or a metered connection or a costly, uh, per megabit per second cost connection HEVC, we can get a better quality at a lower bit rate, but upstream many providers do not support HEVC because of a licensing litigation. There’s royalties associated.

If we’re using it to transport, I think all the licensing is baked into the chip sets. If we store it, if we manipulate it, if we’re archiving in HEVC, or it just comes down to YouTube, Facebook is a big target for the HEVC, uh, litigators to come after. So the, if we, if we’re coming in from the field, H.265 or HEVC, we need the trans code in order to get up to Facebook or YouTube or something downstream. So that is a very, it seems small, but it’s a very important, uh, a feature that’s baked into the product. Uh, then, you know, everything we can do in a physical server, the software will run in the cloud. Um, um, any, literally any cloud provider, uh, that can spin up a Linux instance, it’s Linux software.

Uh, we can, we can, uh, we can support and, uh, you know, we can do everything you can do in the cloud that you can do on the, um, uh, on the physical prem, uh, except for a couple, a couple of minor details that my joke is, uh, well, I’ll take it back. I mean, I think we can do SMPTE 2110 in the cloud. Now, uh, we can’t do an SDI output, uh, in the cloud.

That’s my joke. So, so if you need an SDI in your workflow, you’d want a physical, but the cool thing is the, the, the physical world can connect to the cloud world. So one could back up the other.

So there is a way you could do most of your production up in the cloud, but then if you needed, uh, an SDI out for archiving or whatever back in the studio, you could have an SRT IRD or decoder and grab a feed off of the cloud. Uh, if, if you so, so choose. Um, so yeah, so here’s, here’s another look at all the protocol.

Oh, we do a web RTC. So the web RTC that’s common in, in gaming, it’s a low latency codec, uh, and protocol, uh, decent resolution is used in gaming. You know, if I’m shooting a bad guy in my video game, you don’t want lag or latency.

So, uh, that’s used for some of our, um, live guests as a capability. So Marty, I want to invite you to as a contestant on my game show, but, uh, we don’t want to send a broadcast camera to your house to film you. Uh, we can use your webcam, your browser, you get an invitation and it uses your, your camera and your browser.

You can even see program video in your browser. So you see who you’re talking to. Uh, and then we grab your, your, your computer audio, uh, uh, and your, your video and bring it in that way.

So that’s a great way. You know, the old way of doing that would be like with some sort of a Skype interface or Skype appliance, no one uses Skype anymore, or that’s rare. So it’s like an alternative to that kind of Skype kind of game show Skype workflow, bringing a, uh, an outside guest into the workflow.

Uh, I touched this, this is a nice shot. Just kind of shows you what’s going on inside the bonded pipe. Uh, you know, we got our PTZ, you know, our camera control, we can move video recordings in both directions.

We can move, uh, we could have return video, uh, going the opposite direction. We obviously can go live, send live video through, uh, IP. We can send, you know, I mentioned, you know, a hotspot, having computers, uh, running, uh, um, uh, remotely and giving them internet connection and then comps intercoms.

Um, so that’s a great segue to, um, uh, a related topic, uh, IP intercoms. So particularly during the lockdown, um, how do we communicate with each other? You know, if we’re not all on site and we’re not all with our intercom belt pack that’s provided to us when we’re on site, we’re at home.

How do we patch in comms? So there’s, there’s, uh, there’s a number of different players out there. There’s some, there’s a particular popular entity.

I won’t mention the name, but it’s kind of a science experiment. You know, you take like a, a Mac book pro put software on it and you do intercom. Um, it’s not an enterprise solution.

Um, it’s not fully a cloud solution. Um, so we, we have intercom partners that we work with that have been doing cloud for better part of, uh, 12, 15 years, something like that. And their cloud intercom or their IP intercom systems are being used by, you know, CNN used by NASA, some mission critical applications.

And so on, on the left, you see the server, the server could be physical, you know, some customers, uh, you know, particularly DOD, right. DOD would never put any assets in a public cloud. Um, cloud is really a data center in another building, right.

Or a data center owned by somebody else. Uh, uh, if I have a data center in the, in my basement of my facility, it’s still kind of a cloud. It’s just in the same building, or if it’s my building down the road.

So, uh, we can kind of build our own physical infrastructure with physical servers or VM servers or a hundred percent cloud. And you see on the right, uh, the, the little graphic is showing, you know, a consumer phone, uh, a generic computer, um, you know, a phone phone, we can bridge into legacy intercom systems. You can, you can use your, your own, uh, phone as a device.

Um, and, and, you know, you have a Bluetooth headset hooked to your personal phone. Uh, there’s an app you can download, uh, to do intercom. So you can see here the blue little levers on the screen.

You can mix how much you hear of a certain person. So like I’m the producer of a show. Uh, I want the director, the loudest, the TD a little less, and then camera, you know, I want the camera operators want to hear about one of them.

So you can kind of make your own party line or, or, you know, if, uh, if, uh, if a box is lit up, you see a little green button. You, that means I’m listening to that channel, but you can control the volume of those, those channels in your ear. And then there’s a talk button.

Certain operators can only listen. Um, I I’ve done some camera work at local churches. I’ve done some video engineering.

They really don’t want the camera op talking on the comms because there’s, there’s congregants right next to you. You’re like, Oh, hi, sorry. I missed my shot.

You know, you know, in the middle of a quiet service, uh, you know, it’s the old adage, you know, you shake the lens, you know, Jim, are you awake? Yes. Are you ready for the shot?

No. Right. You don’t, you don’t talk, uh, or, or two clicks for yes.

One click for now, you know, uh, uh, uh, but you know, so, so here’s a picture of the ecosystem. So, you know, this shows a fully redundant server in the middle, but this could very well easily be the cloud. And we got, we can do SIP, uh, bridges.

We can bridge to radios bridge to, to telephones. Um, one thing missing on this slide is your more old school, uh, gooseneck, uh, device with push buttons. You know, I, I punch who I want to talk to, uh, with a, with a goose.

So if you, if you’re a TD, I don’t want to be messing with my phone or a tablet or a computer to do comms. I’m probably going to want buttons so that, you know, so, so, so the, we do interface. It does interface with what I would call kind of your more traditional, your old school, uh, uh, uh, uh, intercom systems, but the people out in the field, mobile devices are great.

And you tell your operators, bring, you know, bring your personal phone. You don’t have to buy them or rent them a piece of hardware. If they have a phone Android or iOS, there’s an app to download.

Boom. They log in there. They’re connected.

And, you know, we can do four wire Dante NDI, uh, pretty much S SIP, you know, to get into, into phone devices. So it’s very, very powerful. And it’s, uh, it’s a very powerful, uh, matrix.

So, uh, it’s used, it’s kind of an unknown brand. I won’t mention the brand, but you know, you can read it for yourself. It’s pretty widely used.

They, they don’t do a lot of marketing, but you know, uh, NASA has thousands of end points that they use for their comms. CNN, uh, loves this product uses it on uses every day. And what’s cool about it is it’s, it’s as a service, you pay a small monthly fee, a fee per endpoint.

So a lot of productions are temporary. I I’m, I’m doing a bass fishing tournament for three weeks this summer. I don’t want to buy software by hardware.

Well, the hard, if you, if you’re hooking intercom hardware to this, you’d have to buy that, but, uh, you, you have some, uh, notebook, computers, tablets, phones, uh, you know, bring, you know, bring your own device capability, uh, download an app for, for Mac windows, iOS, Android, you’re off the races and you’re, and you’re doing, uh, you’re doing intercom. So 5g, right. That was the big buzzword.

You know, we love to throw around. It was in the title of this presentation. So real hot category within 5g right now is what we call private 5g or CBRS citizens, broad ran radio service.

So what is it? It’s a, it’s a 150 megahertz wide channel. Um, um, uh, each, each channel is, and then there’s, um, um, it’s called, uh, uh, by the FCC or in the cellular sphere band, band, uh, 48, um, and the, uh, most cellular devices that are 5g enabled probably support it.

So I, I have a 5g, um, um, 5g, uh, iPhone 13 is older model. I’m pretty sure it supports it. Uh, if not the, the newer units certainly do.

And, um, a lot of consumer devices from tablets, uh, notebook computers, if there’s cellular enabled and they’re 5g, they probably support this band and I’ll get into how, you know, how do we access it? Uh, very similar to how we public, uh, 4g 5g. Um, but there’s, there’s different tiers of licensing.

So the band was originally used, uh, by the U S Navy and the Navy, uh, rarely uses it. Uh, the Navy, I believe has right to use it in an emergency. So, uh, I guess if world war three breaks out and you’re operating private 5g near a Naval base, I’m not sure if we’re going to be yanked off the air or not, but, uh, um, that that’s a, that’s a discussion above my pay grade.

Uh, you know, then there’s priority access in general access. You can see, uh, uh, that 150 megahertz, uh, band from three 53.5, five gig to 3.7, we have, uh, uh, access to it. And the spectrum is shared.

It’s, it’s divided up into slices, uh, and, you know, as we all know with modulation schemes, et cetera, you know, we can get a lot more throughput, uh, in one 50 megahertz seems like a narrow band, but we can get a lot of payload. Some of the, um, um, private 5g radios we work with, we can do a couple of hundred megs up and down on a slice of this, you know, not the whole thing. We get a slice of this, this channel.

Uh, so, you know, so what, what are some of the benefits? What are some of the applications? So, uh, public internet, wifi, uh, public cellular, 3g, 5g, uh, 5g, uh, public internet is lower latency than 4g, but it’s still got latency.

Private 5g is, can be ultra, ultra low latency. Um, we can set up where it’s in a closed loop. So in other words, the, the private 5g connection never hits the internet.

It’s just going from, uh, the access point to our data center and back, you know, we got an asset out in the field that needs to talk to a computer in the basement or in the data center. We get a low latency connection wirelessly, way faster than wifi, way more reliable than, than wifi, uh, much increased capacity. Uh, the private 5g would be four times faster than 4g.

You get a much wider coverage and higher reliability than wifi. As we all know, wifi is on a, uh, uh, unlicensed spectrum. So, you know, it’s the wild west, everyone, you know, consumer hotspots are clamoring for it.

And, and, you know, there’s no, uh, supervision by the FCC, hence the term on license. Um, uh, the, the, the, the CBRS band or the private 5g is lightly licensed by the FCC. So, uh, I’ll get into, into some of the particulars.

So what are some of the applications? So, uh, it’s used a lot in, in manufacturing or in warehouses for robotics. So think of this, you’re wirelessly controlling some autonomous machine or robot.

Uh, if the wifi cuts out or the cellular cuts out, the robot might go berserk, you know, or hurt somebody. So we need a very high reliability mission, critical, uh, connection. Uh, autonomous vehicles, uh, is another application virtual reality.

Uh, it’s ideal for large indoor or large outdoor venues. So like, uh, uh, convention centers, uh, sporting venues, indoor or outdoor sporting venues. It’s great for streaming video, a point of sale and life safety.

I’ll, I’ll, you know, again, I love telling stories. So you’re, uh, you’re at, uh, uh, uh, uh, angel stadium and, um, you, uh, have some life safety, you know, maybe security cameras, alarms, uh, public emergency public address systems, and, uh, you don’t want to hardwire it. You want to go wireless.

Well, you, if you put it over wifi, it’s not going to be reliable. And particularly if you using wifi shared wifi with the fans, um, I mean, you could, you could reserve certain wifi channels from, uh, from the fans, uh, segregate that a little bit, but it’s not going to be that reliable. So, and then, uh, here’s a, here’s a very great example.

Have you ever been in a ball game where the, uh, nobody carries cash anymore, the credit card machine stops working at the beer concession. And there’s, there’s a line of a hundred people trying to get there. Um, I almost decapitated myself.

Um, they’re trying to get their, um, their beer and the point of sales, the credit card machine dies because it’s running on cellular or it’s running, you know, public cellular, or it’s running on wifi. So think about that. You know, it’s not life threatening, but you could argue it’s close, you know, revenue loss revenue for the beers that they didn’t sell.

You know, those beers are, you know, what a 16 ounce beer is like $35, you know, at a, at a ball game, that’s some serious revenue loss there. So, so running that point of sale over, over the private five G is a great application. Uh, and more than likely the, the, uh, uh, if, if, uh, if the device is not private five G enabled, we have adapters converters to make virtually any, any appliance, uh, um, private five G enabled, uh, this, this slide’s a little hard to read.

Um, yeah, so, so, you know, uh, so it’s interference free, the, the, the spectrum, um, it’s a low latency, which is ideal. Um, um, you know, it’s very secure, uh, but there’s a process and I’ll get into that, you know, how do we light this up? So this slide kind of shows you the, uh, uh, the process on the left.

We have our, our end points, our devices. So Android phones, iOS, Apple phones, newer ones, five G ones are enabled. The, the NF, the NFL is a, has been using for a while private five G during games.

So you probably see the coaches and trainers and players with Microsoft surface devices on the sidelines. Microsoft must be a, be a sponsor. Those devices are cellular enabled, uh, private five G enabled, and they have a private five G network at every arena.

And they’re pushing replay video stats. Um, um, they’re giving the, them a solid networking connection to a device with 120,000 fans in stadium wirelessly. It’s kind of incredible.

Uh, many devices now have a E Sims, you know, the SIM is done electronically. You don’t need a physical SIM. Um, so we would give you the SIM provisioning to activate a device, to join a given network.

So that is the first line of security. You got to have this physical SIM or the SIM code and the, uh, the access APN to get on the network. Uh, but we, we would program a SIM with credentials to join a private, uh, five G network.

Then the top row here, we have, uh, uh, you asked me Marty about, you know, we’re not going to forget about four G they, we do provide four G LTE private radios, lower throughput, and they’re not as fast. And you can see, I don’t know how clear it is on the slide, but their access points that are very similar to wifi access points. There’s indoor versions and outdoor versions, uh, on the bottom row are the five G, uh, enabled private five G, uh, uh, access points.

And the terminology is the same as we refer to a wifi access point. So it won’t get scared. Um, most wifi access points are running over power over ethernet or POE.

These devices do the same. So, so in practice, I could go into Dodger stadium. Uh, a technician could remove a wifi access point with, if it has POE power, plug this in within a few minutes, boom, I have a, a PR I’ve converted that, that access point to private five G or.

I don’t see a private five G eliminating wifi. I think that, I think the two will coexist. Public, uh, five G is not going anywhere.

You know, we need that as consumers and, and, you know, uh, much of our technology can take advantage of both worlds or bridge, uh, the two worlds together. So in the middle, what’s this, this server, this edge server. So what that does is we recommend putting all the private five G access points and assets on their own VLAN.

So as long as the facility has one rack unit, some available in some data center or IDF closet, uh, that’s the physical connection or the VLAN connection to the access points. Then that server talks to cloud software that orchestrates the whole process. So the cloud server connects to the FCC database to see what slice of that private five G spectrum is available at the given moment.

Now, Marty, if you came to me and I got a client that, uh, Madison square garden that is doing an event, they want to light up private five G. We would go into the FCC’s database and look at utilization at that address. Now, if it’s at 95% capacity right now today, uh, maybe we need an alternative.

Uh, private five G is still pretty new. Um, if we see, you know, light capacity or less than 50%, or there’s a, you know, we check every couple of days and there’s a good chunk available to use. You can’t, the common question is we’ll let Jim, I see there’s a, there’s 5% available at Madison square.

Why don’t I reserve it? Nope. You gotta be on prem ready to roll.

The hardware’s gotta be installed. You gotta turn it on. So once the access points are powered up, the edge server is turned on.

We’re connected to the cloud. Then it goes out to the FCC and the edge server has to have a GPS input. So we, we, we, it makes it very hard to spoof the FCC that we’re in a location other than what the FCC knows where we’re lighting up.

So they know we’re at Madison square guarded. And then they like, okay, uh, channel number 32 is available to you. You got it.

You’re you’re, you’re lit up. Now, the cool thing is once you’re connected, don’t turn anything off. You own that slot, that, that channel, that slice until you power down, you power down, somebody else might jump in.

Now you power down because you don’t want to leave things running. There might be fees associated with that, et cetera. Or it’s a temporary thing.

You know, you break down, set up, um, you fire back up, you might get a slightly different slice, but the radios, the access points, the, the end devices can grab what, you know, it’s part of the process though. They can work with, you know, uh, slice one, two, three, four, you know, we, we can, it’s, it’s part of the, it’s the beauty of it. So the only negative though is if, um, it gets maxed out.

So if you’re going to permanently install this at angel stadium, you’re never going to want to shut it off or, you know, change a one, you know, keep in the, in the clouds, uh, a side of it, never, never take it down. Keep it going, keep it going. So, uh, some of this is just another way of looking at, um, um, uh, you know, dicing the same thing, and I got the end points, the access point, you know, the devices, the access points, the server in the middle, the orchestrator or the management software out in the cloud.

Um, so, so yeah, so, so the, the, the cloud is setting up the service with the FCC or we’re getting permission from the FCC. Uh, it’s, uh, limiting or turning on and off access. You know, if, if we wanted to revoke the Sims or the, the, whether physical or digital, the, the E Sims, we could, we could, you know, so if some, if a user comes back, they’re locked out next time.

Uh, yeah, so this is some of the command and control, uh, just a different way of, of looking at it. So this is a cool slide. So on, on the right is, is an example of a bonded cellular system that can connect to it.

So with bonded cellular, uh, the units typically have, uh, six or eight modems. So what we do is we don’t, we don’t, we put a private five G SIM. These devices still use physical Sims.

So we would, uh, designate one of the Sims, uh, one of the modems for private five G by putting the private five G a SIM in there. And then you’re off to the races. It it’ll take as much bandwidth as we let it from the private instead of the, instead of the public cellular, or it’ll bond the two together.

So, uh, in a maxed out stadium where public cellular may be a straining, this can help us stream video reliably out. And you can see here, you know, consumer phones, ruggedized devices, tablets, the, the, um, NFL, I believe is using Microsoft surface tablets. Uh, uh, notebook computers are enabled, or if you have a device that’s not enabled, there’s these little dongles that, you know, like, like your old cellular dongles is a private five G cellular dongle.

You connect it and make it go radios have the private five G built in. And then, uh, we, we provide little gateway devices. So in my example, like at Dodger stadium with the beer point of sale, say the beer point of sale only has a wifi connection, uh, or a land connection.

We put a, we’d hide a little router behind the cash register to, to bridge from, uh, the local network to the private five G network. So, so there’s ways to get, uh, legacy devices on and off of this private, uh, five G a system. So this is another way of looking at it.

So in the venue or close on the venue, uh, your devices could use the private, your, your bonded cellular devices could use the private five G where the crowds are, or, or that’s the primary. And then if you’re out in the parking lot, doing some B rolls and tailgating, uh, public five G is probably going to work away from the fans outside. So the two can co-exist.

Um, I guess I should ask, I didn’t put it, uh, I’m going to do a little promo for a webinar we have coming up, uh, week after next, but before I do that, maybe, uh, does anyone have any, any questions you see anything in the chat? I did have a quick question on the private five G, uh, it’s compatible with consumer cell phones. Is there, how does that handshake happen so that that consumer cell phone isn’t connecting to a public tower versus the private?

Is there? Yeah. Yeah.

So, so most, most phones, uh, you know, for international travel reasons and other reasons can have more than one SIM associated with it. So say I was a traveler in Europe a lot, I could have an active SIM, uh, new phones. Now, I think the latest iPhones don’t have the, the mini SIM slot anymore.

It’s all done digitally. So you would have to key in the, the digital SIM information into the phone and authenticated to gain access. So that’s part of the security we, we flash.

Well, if it’s a physical SIM, we actually flash the SIM. We, you know, there’s a prom, uh, on, on the SIM. So we program the SIM.

Uh, so if it’s an older device, we can, you can stick it into, into it. If it’s a digital SIM, we, we give you those credentials. So theoretically, uh, if you go into your, uh, cellular connection setup, uh, you should be able to activate, uh, what we call an e-SIM or an electronic SIM.

So as long as your phone has that ability, you should be able to connect. And then obviously the radio has to have, uh, support that band 48, uh, and most 5g radios. Now I believe do support that.

So, yeah, I think everyone, uh, right. They can unmute themselves, right. If they want.

Um, so feel free if there’s other questions.

Marty Feldman
Yeah. And what about proximity to towers and node sites? Um, we heard a lot about 5g having very short range and needing many more, uh, received transmit points.

Jim Jachetta
That’s, uh, that can be true. Um, the, the 5g, uh, that’s out there now is sub six gigahertz. Um, the, the millimeter wave 5g has not been deployed.

We’ve done some proof of concept tests with Verizon and other carriers with the millimeter wave. Um, um, if, uh, I don’t know about Android, but, uh, well, I can’t see it with my phone in the case, but, uh, on the, um, right hand, well, it’s been how you’re looking at the phone right hand side of the iPhone. There’s a gray little kind of window, like, like a plastic, you know, like a, uh, an opening with a gray cover over it.

Um, if you Google it, that supposedly is a 24 gigahertz millimeter wave connection. Now millimeter wave is highly directional and won’t go through human body. So with me holding my phone, the palm of my hand would be where that port is.

So I don’t know, maybe it’s meant when your phone is, is resting in the stand or something. Um, who knows it might be, uh, uh, fiction, uh, on the internet. You know, I’ve never taken the phone apart to see what’s in there, but, uh, but, uh, yes, you’re right.

That, that, um, higher frequencies, uh, give us higher capacity, but it’s a trade off the distance. And then, uh, the lower cellular bands go through walls much better. The longer wavelengths will go through, you know, foliage walls, windows, trees, the higher frequencies, uh, even glass, higher frequencies, just bounce off the glass.

They, they don’t, they don’t penetrate very well. So, um, you know, that may be a part of the reason too, why large open spaces is ideal for this, that, that it is, uh, it is using the upper part of the, uh, sub six, six gigahertz range, and we get tremendous throughput. But, uh, if, uh, there there’s a wall in the way, a concrete wall, we’re probably not going to get much signal through that wall, if any.

So those are the factors, you know, um, anything wireless that we do, whether even if it’s microphones, microwave, um, um, private 5g, uh, we encourage the customer to send us a drawing of their facility. You know, we’d like to know where existing wifi is just to, you know, if we have a product that might products that might interfere with each other or something that might be susceptible to interference from wifi, let’s say this has no, this technology has no, no susceptibility to wifi interference, but, uh, um, you know, some of our microwave radios operate our wireless radios operate in the five gigahertz band.

So we need to frequency coordinate with it, make sure they allocate some of the five gigahertz band or video, uh, transport use. So, uh, wow, we’re going, going pretty long here, guys. My record, I think is two hours once.

Oh, we’re into Q and a anyway. So yeah, that’s the best part, right? The coda as it were.

Right. Right.

Marty Feldman
Yeah. And any other, uh, any other questions from the team? What about, what about, um, uh, resending packets?

Is that done at all in this?

Jim Jachetta
Um, at that level, I’m, I’m unsure. Uh, you know, so at the physical layer is the, is the private five G doing some retransmission? It may very well be doing that.

Uh, I’d have to, that’s a good question. I’m curious now that you bring that up. I asked the factory guys, uh, from our perspective, all our video over IP transport, whether it’s bonded cellular SRT or, or any video over IP is doing some form of forward error correction and ARQ automatic re-request.

So if, uh, our transport that we’re putting on any network, whether it be private five G public five G public internet, or a local network, uh, if we lost the packet, we would, uh, uh, uh, do ARQ. I think most radio technology just in general might have, you know, some minimal forward error correction, uh, enabled. So, so they can, um, um, you, you would think that, you know, FEC is so common, I suspect I w I would speculate that they’re there at minimum that they got something like that, uh, running, uh, even lightly running, you know, you lose a few packets here or there, then they’re able to, to, to, to recover, you know, automatically.

Marty Feldman
In the, uh, in the early days, there were a lot of, uh, uh, things like ITP over UDP and things like that, that had no return packets in order to reduce latency and that sort of thing. So I was wondering, you know, where, where that is these days.

Jim Jachetta
Yeah. Yeah. Um, one of our microwave, uh, vendors, uh, has a very cool product.

It actually, uh, the, the, the technology mimics bonded cellular, but over a microwave connection. So most microwave camera back systems, some have bidirectionality, but it’s just for camera control. Uh, uh, I won’t name names, but, uh, one of our preferred vendors actually has a very robust return pipe.

They can send two return videos, one for program, one for, for teleprompter. Uh, they got, uh, intercom, both directions and camera control. And because they have a very robust bidirectional radio, they’re the only vendor I know of on a microwave link to an ARQ.

So the competition just maximizes FEC. I mean, if you do, you know, a hundred percent FEC, basically you sent to, to, to a very packet, you know, you just, you’re, you’re, you’re using, you’re using up the pipe on redundancy bonded cellular systems. And this microwave vendor that I’m alluding to, uh, the foreign air corrections dynamic, because if you’re, if you’re unnecessarily aggressive with for air correction, you take a, you take bits away from video quality, you know, the, the payload suffers.

So if you have FEC set at a hundred percent, you’re sending two of every packet. So say you have a 10 meg pipe. Now I only have five meg for video because I got a FEC at, you know, a hundred, uh, if I affect it 10%, well, I’m sending a 10% overhead, but what if the circuit is clean and, and, and I’m not dropping anything, but because I’m not traditionally, you’re not two way you out the, the decoder or the receiver has no way to tell the encoder or transmitter, Hey, lower your FEC.

Uh, we, I don’t, everything’s fine. So in a closed loop system, the decoder or the receiver can tell the encoder, you know, lower the FEC. Uh, if, if, if there’s a sudden drop, I’ll do an ARQ re re requests until we can turn FEC back on.

So there’s that, uh, I think the, the dynamic ness of this technology, uh, is another big differentiator, whether we’re talking about, uh, the brand of bonded cellular we use and the, uh, brand, one of the brands of, of, uh, microwave. So it’s, it’s fascinating stuff. Uh, we do a lot with wireless.

We do a lot with bonded cellular.

[Speaker 3]
Um, so, uh, anybody do you have a question? I had a question on, uh, how about web RTC for video shading from the RCP to the camera?

Jim Jachetta
Um, Oh, using web RTC to do the shading. Is that, is that the question?

[Speaker 3]
That’s what the question is. How do you use, or can you use web RTC for video shading from the RCP to the camera?

Jim Jachetta
Um, let me think about that. So, so the, uh, there’s, there’s two vendors of, uh, uh, of shading appliances that, that we provide. One of them you saw on some of the slides, I won’t name names, but the devices were actually introduced, uh, uh, to work over wifi or a single cellular connection.

The, the, the field device will actually take a USB cellular modem, but just one modem. So you can’t bond. So if you have an AT&T modem in there and you’re in an AT&T dead spot, you lose shading.

So we connect that to the, to the, um, the bonded cellular unit to give us a bonded VPN back. Um, I’m not sure what protocol, uh, the device on its own uses, you know, when it’s going over wifi or cellular, um, I mean, they’re not moving videos. So I would think, uh, uh, web RTC may be a little overkill.

Uh, but I, I don’t know. Um, I, it may just simply be, you know, TCP IP. Um, I’m not really sure.

Um, again, you know, it, it prompts my curiosity, you know, you get questions like, hmm, well, what protocol do they use? It’d be nice to know. Uh, so sorry.

I, it’s kind of a muddled answer there, but, uh, uh, uh, that’s fine. Thank you. Yeah.

Yeah. Yeah. I can get back to you on, on more details.

Marty Feldman
Jim, is there any, uh, any room for co-FDM in this whole, this whole, uh, amalgam of, uh, um, you know, as there is an ATSC 3.0, for example.

Jim Jachetta
Um, so there, there, one of our vendors has an interesting Coffdom radio that has, uh, a 5g capability. Um, I’d have to look at the data sheet. The fact that it’s 5g radios, I, I would venture that it, it, it has hooks or support for the, uh, the private 5g or band 48.

So, um, it’s kind of a novel approach on the, on a mic, a microwave radio having bonded capability. So the same appliance could work reliably short distance line of sight from the field to the truck. But now, uh, my event next Sunday, there’s no truck.

So now the same appliance, I can go back to master control. Uh, uh, it’s a, it’s a newer device, but it’s an interesting concept. Um, I don’t believe the technology is such where it bonds the microwave and the cellular together, but I don’t see why it couldn’t, uh, my, you know, Coffdom is usually point to point, you know, the, the camera to the truck that’s nearby, but that’s a great, uh, question, Marty.

Marty Feldman
Any other questions for Jim? I just had a very quick question.

Jim Jachetta
Is Starlink ever a part of the equation of the, of the bonds that you’re seeing out there? Absolutely. Absolutely.

Um, um, um, well, when, when my circuit dropped out, I’m like, what? I have Tripoli redundant internet. So my cable operator, I’m at home, uh, right now.

Um, it’s just quieter here. I do most of my webinars at home because it’s quiet. Um, um, I have Starlink as a backup.

Um, so I have Cox cable and I kind of live in a rural, believe it or not, California does have some rural or orange County has some rural areas. We’re kind of at the end of the line, you know, we’re at the, uh, you know, um, the, uh, local Cox cable, uh, supervisor gave me a cell phone number. I’m sure he regrets it.

I’m constantly calling him like, Oh, it dropped out again. So I, I just have Starlink as a backup now, now during, um, uh, primetime, you know, you know, early to late evening, um, the, the, the satellite’s going to get saturated, but during, during, um, uh, business hours, uh, you know, during the daytime, it’s a great backup. So, um, you know, I have multiple, I, I, I, my machine here, I, I, I have, um, multiple NICs.

So one NIC is connected to my cable modem. I’m hard-lined, uh, into the, uh, Starlink. Um, but you know, from a, from a bonded cellular appliance standpoint, you just have to Starlink to one of the WAN ports, the LAN ports, and, uh, it will use that bandwidth if available.

Now, granted that bandwidth is going to have higher latency. So at least the devices that we represent, they intelligently make a decision. Now, if there’s no other bandwidth available, it will use a Starlink.

Um, we might have to play with the latency. Uh, you know, if the Starlink has got, you know, 500 milliseconds of latency, uh, running our unit at half a second latency is probably not going to work. You know, we probably have to run at one second, 1.5 seconds. So, um, but if we have a combination of Starlink and cellular and the cellular has much lower latency, you’ll just see it stop using the Starlink, you know, because it’s trying to, to find the most efficient connection. Um, but yeah, it’s absolutely compatible. Um, and, uh, Starlink, uh, I don’t know if you guys are familiar with it.

You can get, uh, a device for your home, but it’s gotta be tied to an address. You can get it for your business. It’s gotta be tied to an address and you get more, more throughput.

Then there’s an RV subscription where you’re allowed to move it around. So a lot of broadcast crews will have a Starlink or several Starlinks in their kit on an RV subscription. So they’re allowed to move it around.

Uh, you, you have lower priority on the network than a, you know, than a fixed, uh, install and the, um, the, the business or, or professional, uh, it’s a phased array. It’s like three times the consumer one. I got a consumer one on my chimney.

It needs clear view of, of, uh, semi, you know, I’m in Southern California, so it needs a little bit of a Northern footprint. It clears all the palm trees in my neighbor’s yards. So I have an unobstructed, so it moves.

It picks up a satellite on the horizon, you know, 20 minutes, 30 minutes. I’ve never watched it do a complete cycle, moves slowly tracking, tracking. And then when it loses a satellite on, on the opposite horizon, uh, the, the, it picks up one rising nearby and comes back.

Um, I’ve never, you know, watched it, supposedly at hands off between satellites without dropping. Um, uh, I’ve, uh, I’ve never tried to stream video through it, you know, for 12 hours or long periods of time, but, um, for testing purposes, it’s worked great. Um, these are all great questions.

So I appreciate it guys.

Marty Feldman
Jim, what about the 5g interference with aircraft, um, altimeters, radio altimeters, radio altimeters?

Jim Jachetta
Yeah, there, there, there was a, a scare, right? I think they closed down LAX, for a few hours, uh, Verizon or someone lit up some public, uh, some private, uh, no public 5g towers. Um, I think that’s all been sorted out.

Um, um, otherwise you wouldn’t be able to use the technology, but yeah, you’re some of the landing, uh, uh, guidance systems where we’re on an adjacent frequency or whatnot. Um, another, uh, speaking of the FCC and aircraft customers often want to take the technology up in a helicopter. And if you follow the letter of the FCC’s outdated rulings, you’re not allowed to do it.

And they actually, the reason why they’re outdated in the early cellular days, if a radio got line of sight, or it’s got a signal for more than one tower at the same time, you could actually crash the cellular network. The technology is smart enough that if I’m in the air and you turn a radio on, it’ll grab the closest one won’t crash anything. I think it’s also been proven that, um, the cellular does not interfere with, um, uh, um, uh, navigation systems inside the aircraft.

There are cellular repeaters that are in, you know, commercial and private planes. So I think the rules need to change. Um, I think part of it, Marty was this, uh, Verizon, one of Verizon’s bands was near the navigation band.

So I think, um, one of the, you know, Verizon has been lobbying with, um, the FCC, hey, we promised not to use that band near airports, you know, allow us to use the technology in planes legally. Now that, that doesn’t say customers do it anyway. I know news agencies, police departments, they, their legal department looks at the rules.

They, they have, uh, RF frequency experts give their two cents and they’re like, we’re putting bonded cellular in the, in the helicopter. Uh, they do it all the time overseas without, without, without incident.

Marty Feldman
So, um, uh, so one thing, one thing I’ve heard is that it has to do with the age of the equipment to that earlier, um, aircraft that’s equipped with some of the earliest systems are more affected than newer ones.

Jim Jachetta
That would make sense. That would make sense. And, you know, we have to adhere to the lowest common denominator, right?

We don’t want to crash. Uh, but yeah, it’s, it, this is, this is fun stuff. So, uh, any other questions, guys?

Marty Feldman
Anything else for Jim? Jim, I want to thank you for making the return visit to us. Uh, this was really, really informative and, uh, raises a lot more questions.

And yeah, we could go all night, right? Maybe they can get in touch with you directly with those and you can get back.

[Speaker 3]

Marty Feldman
And, uh, also, uh, yeah, you had, I see you bringing that up now that February 14th live, uh, uh, webinar that you’re having workshop.

Jim Jachetta
Yeah. It’s a, it’s a cinema grade robotic camera. You know, everyone in sports now wants the cinematic look, uh, even churches, uh, uh, uh, you’ll see a Komodo dragon or an Ari camera.

Everyone wants red, red, red. And then these cameras were not designed for a broadcast workflow. So this is a line of robotic cameras that we picked up.

So we’re having them as a guest on a workshop on the 14th. So if you visit our website, you go to, I think about us and then events, you can find the registration page. Then, uh, you know, Marty told you all who we are, you know, we’re systems integrated consultants, uh, project management, warranty support.

And then, uh, here’s my contact info. This is my, my work email, Jim J at You got our company phone numbers on here.

9 4 9 7 7 7 5 4 3 5. So, uh, Oh, I got to change the copyright date. Look at that.

Oops. Uh, any, uh, any, uh, questions you guys have or any projects, uh, uh, Marty and I, uh, Marty called me up a month ago. Hey, I might have a project for you.

And, uh, how would you like to do another, do another SMPTE meeting? So, uh, uh, maybe Marty and I, if his customer can find a budget, right? Maybe Marty and I will be doing a project soon.

Marty Feldman
We’ll talk about it. No question. Um, also, I just want to plug what we may have coming up next month.

We hope we’re going to have, um, something on, uh, camera matching and adjustment and use of, uh, uh, scopes and so on and, and working with, uh, and doing all of that and using things like, uh, chroma do one chats. And so how to get, how to get better, uh, quality of service out of your existing cameras. And, um, I can’t tell you too much more about it right now, but I hope, hope we can pull that out for, uh, for February.

If not, we’ll do it later, but, uh, watch your email and, uh, we will be having, uh, uh, it’s very possible that we will pull that out and be able to have that in February. Uh, something I’ve wanted to do for a while. It’s an interesting subject, uh, to me anyway, I I’m really interested in, uh, now I will say that a lot of cameras are matching much more easily in auto when you pull them out of the box, but it’s still not the same thing.

So, uh, there’s, there’s still a lot to learn about that and, um, talking to some experts in that field. So, so hope you’ll watch your email for the things that we have coming up and, um, uh, we’ll have some elections coming up. We’re working on, we’re working on all of that right now.

So, uh, if anyone wants to run for anything, um, throw your hat in the ring, we’d, we’d love to have, we can always use more help. So, uh, again, thanks for joining us tonight. Uh, thank you for those of you that are recording this and making this available.

Uh, this will be up on video on demand and, um, uh, we also give it to, uh, SMPTE headquarters and, uh, they might decide to do something with it. So, uh, so again, Jim, thanks for being with us and, um, we hope to have you again, keep us informed of anything new and we’ll do, we’ll be talking. So good night, everyone.

Thanks again.

Jim Jachetta
Thanks everyone. Thanks, Marty.

Marty Feldman
Yep. Take care. Good night.



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